Missing Link Between Molecular Aspects of Ventricular Arrhythmias and QRS Complex Morphology in Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (2020)

Bacharova L.

The aim of this opinion paper is to point out the knowledge gap between evidence on the molecular level and clinical diagnostic possibilities in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) regarding the prediction of ventricular arrhythmias and monitoring the effect of therapy. LVH is defined as an increase in left ventricular size and is associated with increased occurrence of ventricular arrhythmia. Hypertrophic rebuilding of myocardium comprises interrelated processes on molecular, subcellular, cellular, tissue, and organ levels affecting electrogenesis, creating a substrate for triggering and maintaining arrhythmias. The knowledge of these processes serves as a basis for developing targeted therapy to prevent and treat arrhythmias. In the clinical practice, the method for recording electrical phenomena of the heart is electrocardiography. The recognized clinical electrocardiogram (ECG) predictors of ventricular arrhythmias are related to alterations in electrical impulse propagation, such as QRS complex duration, QT interval, early repolarization, late potentials, and fragmented QRS, and they are not specific for LVH. However, the simulation studies have shown that the QRS complex patterns documented in patients with LVH are also conditioned remarkably by the alterations in impulse propagation. These QRS complex patterns in LVH could be potentially recognized for predicting ventricular arrhythmia and for monitoring the effect of therapy.